It was Carl Sagan who wrote, “Somewhere, something incredible is waiting to be known.” Could it be that everything we know about the universe is wrong? There is a key to a different understanding of the universe. It is a black-hole white-hole relationship. All else follows. In this paradigm, what we see as a black hole in the center of a spiral galaxy is in reality a white hole. It adds to the mass of the galaxy, it does not eat it. Although it has gravity, nothing enters it. The mass of spiral galaxies must grow over time with respect to the white hole, as well as from accretion of other galaxies. Let me tell you of a recent conversation I had with Mernyth.
Make me a thought experiment, said I to Mernyth. I want a universe in which the laws of physics do not break down anywhere. One which fits with observations of the universe, without paradoxes, resort to infinities, singularities, ideas of non-reality, extra dimensions, nor finagle factors. It must have a simple underlying theory, and a united force which explains things observed.
All right, Mernyth replied. Assume that what you know about black holes is wrong. What are called super-massive black holes do not only look white, they are white. We will start with a resonance, a standing vibration. These things have been around a long time. This vibration is the basic building block in your universe. We will call it in this case the planck unit. Call it a vibration if you like, or even the prime resonance. This planck unit has nodes, and can resonate in different ways.
Your universe is a field, a three dimensional matrix, made up of these resonances. They line up and resonate together, each adding strength to the whole matrix. These units are constantly interacting with each other, making and breaking ephemeral relationships. The resonance of the planck unit is the only "force" there is. When the planck units come too close together, they merge, they grab each other, and we have a particle. The energy that once held together part of the matrix is now in use to hold the mass together. When the matrix snaps and makes up a mass, there is not as much matrix left locally, and whatever is there has to stretch to connect up and keep everything in balance. This stretching is what we call gravity. The presence of mass in an area of the matrix makes the matrix thin and stretched. A mass tends to move from where the matrix is thick to where it is thin. For instance, when a ball is thrown into the air, the matrix is thinner "below" the ball than it is "above" it, so the ball "falls" toward the earth. This thinness makes galaxies move toward each other. As you can see, there is indeed only one "force" in your universe, the strength of the plank resonance manifested in different ways. What we call "mass" is an assembly of planck units which have left the matrix and vibrate together to make up the particle. A particle holds itself together with entanglement, analogous to the entanglement that can take place between particles. There are, however, a number of ephemeral resonances and particles within a mass resulting from these entanglements. It takes a lot of resonances to make up mass. So we get Mr. Einstein’s relationship of mass and energy. Resonances flying apart in a particle accelerator are unstable resonances emerging from smash ups. There may be many occasional particles produced at various energy levels. Quantum mechanics gives descriptions of the way the planck units which make up particles interact with each other.
This is the way it works. When a massive object moves through the matrix, it condenses the matrix before it, and lets the matrix go back in place after it moves through. No energy is lost or gained; there is no "friction." Strangely, there is no time dimension in the stretching of the matrix, but there is a time dimension in movement through the matrix. This is the key to understanding "spooky action at a distance." This spookiness has to be real in order to have quantum jumping, collapse of the wave, and entanglement of particles. When a mass accelerates through the matrix, it gains mass, it builds up and collects plank units. The stretching of the matrix in any area is felt instantly throughout the matrix. There is no time dimension there. A hint of this has been around for a long time.
But how about particles of light? Aren’t they actual particles, and don’t they have a definite speed, the speed of light, said I. Yes, said she, light has a finite speed, but light is not particles. Light is an electrical-magnetic impulse. It can be thought of as a density wave making its way through the matrix, like a wave of water in the ocean. This density wave travels until it strikes a mass. Its energy may cause an electron in the mass to jump to a higher energy level, which may then be radiated away again. The wave is spread out, but when it strikes the mass, the wave collapses. It is ever a wave in the matrix, never a particle, and has no rest mass. Light is absorbed in discrete energy quanta. This works only because there is no time dimension at the quantum level. Spooky indeed to those of us moving about in three dimensions.
Fine, said I, but what about the double slit experiment. How does a unit of anything pass through two slits and interfere with itself? It is a wave, making waves in the matrix. As it approaches the slits, it passes through both slits. It can do this since it is a resonance, making waves in the matrix in all directions. These act as feelers, guiding the unit through the two slits. The point here is that the energy is contained in the waves it makes in the matrix. This energy can make it through the two slits just fine. If a detector is activated, it interferes with and collapses the wave, and the unit passes through one slit. This collapse happens whether the detector is placed either before or after the particle passes through the slit. It should also be said that the waves of each unit spread out through the entire matrix. The energy of the unit is strongest near its center, but is felt everywhere. Every part of the universe "knows" where every other part is, and how it is waving. Your universe is one organic whole. As the energy of a unit can be felt everywhere, it exists in a sense everywhere, and its energy can be briefly borrowed in various places. This is part of the spooky reality at the quantum level, and makes a quantum computer thinkable.
What about the particle zoo, I asked. There is the neutron, with the entanglements of resonances within it. There are the daughters, the electron and the proton. These can be knocked up to higher energy levels, making temporary heavy particles. Then there are brief resonances and heavy particles which show up when particles are blasted, as in the particle accelerators. It took a great deal of energy to put these things together, and it takes a lot to tear them apart.
What about uncertainty? Does this universe contain uncertainty, or is there absolute causality? When two or more units combine their frequencies, the outcome is predictable. But they can combine in slightly different ways. They are standing waves, resonances, and they can strike each other in different places in their resonances and with varying momentum. Also, the matrix is jiggling all the time. Energy is always impinging upon a particle. Thus we have both constancy and variety in nature. Particles are always moving about as described in quantum physics. Sometimes entanglements effect status. Snowflakes are all the same composition, but no two are alike. This holds true at all levels, and gives rise to the possibility of free will as well as probability of action in advanced beings, such as humans, and even in less advanced life. As we go higher up the scale of life, the greater the freedom and the less the predictability. We can have several hums in our heads, but can choose which to notice. You will be interested that there is room in your universe for the possibility of the existence of beings freer than us. Things exist in your universe whether one looks at them or not, but because of these uncertainties, there are probabilities at the quantum level and at other levels as well. Elementary particles dance, but the probability of where they are on their three dimensional dance floor is described by the laws of quantum mechanics. Relationships described by relativity and by quantum mechanics are different. A time dimension exists in one, but not the other. Einstein knew that something must be missing in order it explain the difference. This turns out to be the absence of a time dimension at the quantum level.
Observing a particle may indicate its state at the moment of observation. The act of observation may chance the state of a particle. There is no need for universes ad infinitum here. Entangled particles are in lock step at all times. But if you change the state of one particle, its mate will also change, no matter the distance apart, and with no time delay. A particle can appear to be in two or more places at a time. It can disappear in one place and appear in another place with no elapse of time. A particle can move back and forth between different places instantly, and you then have two or more virtual particles. Spooky, but real, and confirmed by experiment.
When resonances cling together to form a particle, the matrix stretches, and gravity is produced. Time is also produced, as it takes time for particles as well as electromagnetic waves to pass through the matrix.
These considerations give rise to interesting possibilities of entities or beings in the matrix without a time dimension, moving from place to place at will, or be virtually in more than one place at a time.
Regarding entropy. If the universe had started with a big bang, the universe would have started from order and moved to disorder. To the contrary, the universe is moving from disorder to order. The distant fuzzy galaxies become galaxies, stars, life, and people, a process of going from disorder to order.
What then explains the arrow of time? When a glass is dropped, it breaks into a disordered state, order to disorder, and never goes back to being a whole glass, a process of going from disorder to order. It took a great deal energy and design to make the original glass. Order can only be restored with a great deal of energy and design. Moving from disorder to order uses more energy than is present in the ordered entity, whether it is animate or inanimate. This is not an efficient process, the energy for which comes ultimately from the sun. Ordered entities wear out, rust out, break up, and disintegrate. The order of plants and animals is preserved in their seed. Great energy is required for renewal. Supernovas provide energy and material for new stellar bodies. The never ending cycle of renewal requires great energy, but the trend is ever toward order. A galaxy emerging from a white hole moves from extreme disorder into order, the only way the universe which we observe could have come into being. The universe may be seen as on a regression line moving from disorder to order. Entropy may be seen as dips below the regression line, but the slope of the line is toward order. You may ask why the slope of the line is toward order. Where does the energy come from. It comes from the ever increasing density of energy and mater resulting from the crunch of the universe.
Then Mernyth added, you may ask where all this comes from. Why is there something rather than nothing. Whence come the “strings” which make up basic planck units. The answer is, from membranes. There is no need in your universe for many membranes, or membranes ad infinitum. Just two membranes, that’s all you need in your universe, a senior universe and its counterpart. Here’s how it works.
There is a senior membrane, a universe extending we know not how far. Black holes form in the membrane. But the other side of a black hole is a white hole, with a worm hole between them. That’s lots of holes, but that’s how many if takes to make up your universe. Over some thirteen billion years ago and more, this senior membrane banged against our membrane. In locations where there was a black hole in the senior universe, the black hole blew away the material. Behind every black hole, there is a white hole as Mr. Einstein said. What we think is a super-massive black hole in our universe is actually a white hole. Things can come out, but nothing can enter. It is "white" because in the immediate vicinity of the event horizon, prodigious amounts of energy is being produced. Genesis occurs in the vicinity of the white hole. The energy emitted by the white hole produces strings which interact together to produce plank resonances, which line up into a matrix. This would be shown false if material were actually seen entering the “hole.”
It is a wonder where all the anti-matter has gone in your universe. As you know, when matter is created from energy, an equal amount of anti-matter is created with it. When a pair of resonances is created in the surface of the white hole, antimatter units remain trapped. Matter units are expelled. The white hole has gravity, but nothing can enter it. Matter can buzz around it, and be thrown out into the galaxy and beyond. In the immediate vicinity of a white hole, conditions of heat and pressure are such that matter and antimatter are created in prodigious amounts. The produced antimatter never enters the white hole, it is part of it. Matter is repelled from the white hole by the intense explosive force of the production of the antimatter–matter production.
Matter frequently blows from a black hole not as a singular white hole, but as a blob of white holes, each the seed of a galaxy and together making up a future galaxy cluster.
The central region of a galaxy is a real windy place. What has been interpreted as matter thrown out by an overstuffed black hole is in reality matter exiting a white hole. Even our Milky Way galaxy, old as it is, has matter exiting the white hole. The new matter spreads out in every direction, and forms the central bulge of a spiral galaxy. At first, the explosive force is so great that a great deal of matter is ejected in powerful jets. These tend to decrease over the life of the galaxy. The bigger the white hole, the cooler and less active it is. Over time white holes can merge, and their galaxies interact. They form some irregulars in their interaction, and form ellipticals over time. Some galaxies, such as the Seyfert galaxies, may explode with large amounts of additional matter. The universe is a very busy place.
So now you have your universe. More than fourteen billion light years ago a big bang occurred. The senior membrane banged into us, although you were not there to see it. It did not bang in one place out of nothing. It banged all over the place. It produced the beginnings of many galaxies. At first there were strings forming plank resonances. These quickly grabbed each other to produce quarks, then neutrons, hydrogen, some helium, and stars. Prodigious amounts of radiant energy roar out with each step. The resonances are more than simple vibrating strings. The planck resonance has within it the nodes for the multiple constants required in making our universe, analogous to the RNA in a cell.
The first white holes blew off the new matter far into space in jets, but with more stuff forming a central bulge, which over time spins out its material into a spiral disk around the great white father. Stars around the white hole are regularly kicked out. The big bang banged everywhere, and what we see from the far reaches of the universe is what we looked like more than thirteen billion years ago. The cosmic background radiation supports this view. If you want to know what distant space looks like now, look around you. A long time ago, there were discrete fuzzy proto-galaxies. Then more and more spiral galaxies. Spirals merge to form ellipticals over time. Density waves radiating out from the white hole aided the rapid development of stars. When galaxies merge, they kick out many stars into the inter-galaxy space. Many of these stars have habitable zones where the planets form. There are many more habitable zones in the universe than thought.
Is there an edge to the universe, and is there space outside it? Yes, but it is useless for you to speculate as to what is out there.”
I was still persistent, asking about galaxy rotation. The white hole in its rotation drags matrix and matter around with it. As a star is held together by the balance between gravity and the outward pressure of fusion, a galaxy has to balance the weight of the matrix, the outward expansion of matter from the white hole, and rotation of the white hole. Galaxies have six times the mass if the visible galaxy. A massive bubble of hydrogen surrounds galaxies. Regarding gravitational lensing, the presence of mass thins nearby matrix.
Is information lost in my universe, I asked. Information is never lost, but where it is ... that is another subject. Information regarding the future does not exist. Nothing happens before it happens. In your universe, there is no time travel into the past, much less into the future. But since information is not lost, scenes of the past in two dimensions could be visited, but one could never enter them. The arrow of time is real, and three space dimensions are real in your universe. The relativity of time is also real.
How far apart is the parent universe from my universe? I pressed the question. Now don’t grow faint, she said. That universe may occupy the same space as our universe. It is not out there somewhere far away. The wormhole may not be that long. Just as neutrinos can pass through the matrix scarcely interacting with matter, the parent universe does not interact with our universe at all, and is not directly perceived by us. The produced antimatter is in sufficient amounts to keep it in balance with the matter in the galaxy. Anti-matter can easily pass back to the parent universe via the wormhole.
Does my universe expand? I awaited the answer. Look at the universe as it actually is, with no preconceived ideas. The galaxies are grouped close together in clusters, super-clusters, walls, and filaments. Looking back billions years, they are father apart, and back thirteen billion years and they are far apart and fuzzy. The galaxies are in the process of moving into one happy bunch. You live in a big crunch. The Milky Way galaxy is itself moving away from a void.
What about the redshift of radiation? Does this not show that the galaxies are moving away from each other and the further away they are, the faster they are moving away? Redshift certainly is an indication of distance, but is it caused by expansion of the universe, or by something else. The time for radiation to pass through the matrix, and therefore the degree of redshift, is a function of the amount of matrix it passes through. For instance, there is a lot of congealed matrix for light to pass through in a prism. While in a prism, the light seems to move more slowly. There is also matrix for light to pass through in a billion light years of space. Also to be considered is that the gravitational effect is constant. In your universe the galaxies are groupies that like to be near each other and are moving in that direction. Your universe will one day become one big elliptical galaxy. After that, as matter continues to come together, mass is slowly converted into more radiant energy, density waves in the matrix. The matrix becomes calm. The universe quietly passes out of existence, and all is as it was before.
What do you want to call this universe, I asked. Perhaps, The Big Crunch Universe, said she. It has a unified force, is an organic whole, and does not require paradoxes, infinities, renormalizations, nor finagle factors. It is beautiful. It is real . . . but I am virtual.
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